The Middle East and Islam oppose existing cultural symbolism. The light is not connected with God, there is nothing sacral. Darkness is also not placed opposite to light, and they are in a consecutive relationship depending on the cause. Darkness is the clothing of the night, and the shadow is the struggle of the sun. The first color of Islamic symbolism is WHITE – it symbolizes holiness, dignity and not a tragic, but a mild symbol of mourning; YELLOW – light, sun, gold; RED – sun, fire, blood as a sign of life and strong emotions in biblical symbolism red symbolizes sin and torture); Heavenly BLUE – one of the most popular – heaven, water, talisman of the Muhammadans, serenity, benevolence; BLACK – has a negative meaning when associated with dirty motives, otherwise it is wisdom and deep thinking. The main sacred symbol of Islam is the Black Stone; GREEN – a symbol of the Muslim paradise, the union of the earthly and the heavenly beginnings, the Holy Flag of Muhammad is green; BROWN – distraction, decay, death; GRAY – the face of evil and meanness.
Western European Middle Ages are entirely subordinated to the idea of God and the divine to the most beautiful. The scriptures mention that the colors of all times were WHITE, GOLD, PURPLE and RED; GREEN is earthy; BLACK – far from God. Otherwise WHITE – divinity, holiness, faith, close to the divine, is also a symbol of mourning (paradise); RED – the color of the holy blood of Christ, the fire of the day of terrible judgment; PURPLE- in the symbolism of the Roman Empire was a symbol of high power, grandeur; YELLOW – a symbol of the sun and gold, but at the beginning of the XII century it acquires a negative meaning, and during the Gothic period it became a symbol of the lie and betrayal of Judas; BLUE – the sky is divine truth and justice, but there are exceptions – in Germany from 1557, by law, wearing blue was punishable by death, and after 200 years it became the royal color; GREEN – resurrection, spring renewal (close to the cult of Osiris); BLACK – darkness, hell, sin, but at the same time it is a symbol of monasticism and calm, renunciation of sins, a symbol of mourning (non-existent).
Leonardo da Vinci introduced his own system of color symbolism: WHITE – light; YELLOW – earth; GREEN – water; BLUE – air; BLACK – darkness; RED – fire.
Newton composes music code based on colors; RED – do; ORANGE – re; YELLOW – mi; GREEN – fa; LIGHT BLUE – sol; BLUE – la, VIOLET – ti.
Hegel affirmed the symbolism of emotionally connected colors that correspond to the human spirit. Light and yellow are alive (life, animals), cheerful, creative; Dark and blue – meek, quiet, thoughtful; Red – masculinity, kingship; Green – calm, neutral.
In the European tradition we have the GOLDEN – Christian benefactors, faith, justice, mercy, humility, and as a world symbol – power, knowledge, wealth. SILVER – purity, hope, innocence, nobility, sincerity. RED – love, masculinity, courage; BLUE – wisdom, fidelity, honesty. BLACK – vigilance, wisdom, balance. GREEN – hope, abundance, freedom, joy. PURPLE – piety, moderation, domination.